Cervical cancer can often be found early, and sometimes even prevented, by having regular screening tests. If detected early, cervical cancer is one of the most successfully treatable cancers.
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Are there symptoms?
Women with early cervical cancers and pre-cancers usually have no symptoms. Symptoms often do not begin until the cancer becomes larger and grows into nearby tissue. When this happens, the most common symptoms are:
- Abnormal vaginal bleeding, such as bleeding after vaginal sex, bleeding after menopause, bleeding and spotting between periods, or having (menstrual) periods that are longer or heavier than usual. Bleeding after douching may also occur.
An unusual discharge from the vagina − the discharge may contain some blood and may occur between your periods or after menopause.
- Pain during sex.
- Pain in the pelvic region
- Swelling of the legs
- Problems urinating or having a bowel movement
Blood in the urine
These symptoms can also be caused by conditions other than cervical cancer. Still, if you have any of these symptoms, see a health care professional right away. Ignoring symptoms may allow the cancer to grow and lower your chance of successful treatment.
The best way to find cervical cancer early is to have regular screening tests. The tests for cervical cancer screening are the HPV test and the Pap test. These tests can be done alone or at the same time. Regular screening can help prevent cervical cancer. It’s important to remember to get screened regularly.
Treatment of cervical cancer depends on:
- The stage of the cancer.
- The size and shape of the tumor.
- The woman’s age and general health.
- The woman’s desire to have children in the future.
Early cervical cancer can be cured by removing or destroying the precancerous or cancerous tissue. This can be done without removing the uterus or damaging the cervix so that a woman can still have children.
Types of surgery for early cervical cancer include:
- Loop Electrosurgical Excision Procedure (LEEP) — uses electricity to remove abnormal tissue.
- Cryotherapy — freezes abnormal cells.
- Laser Therapy — uses light to burn abnormal tissue.
Call Community Health Net to schedule an appointment with a provider today: (814) 455-7222. Or click here to contact us.
Our health information does not replace the advice of a doctor. Please be advised that this information is made available to assist the public to learn more about their health. Community Health Net providers may not see and/or treat all topics found herein.
Health Facts is a public service announcement of Community Health Net.
American Cancer Society (2020, July 30). What is Cervical Cancer? Retrieved January 3, 2023, from https://www.cancer.org/cancer/cervical-cancer/about/what-is-cervical-cancer.html
National Cervical Cancer Coalition (2023) Understanding Cervical Cancer Prevention. Retrieved January 3, 2023 from https://www.nccc-online.org/understanding-cervical-cancer-screening/